The Vatican is the smallest country in the world, but given its nature as the core of Catholicism, it has been accumulating secrets for centuries, becoming a place that produces the curiosity of many people.
Secret archives, intrigues, science and religion, here we reveal some myths and truths about the Vatican.
One of the aspects that most attracts the attention of the Vatican are its secret documents, of which it is said that They house the answers to the great mysteries of history.
In Dan Brown's book Angels and Demons a great conspiracy is mentioned in the heart of the headquarters in order to destroy the world. The book raised so much stir that led council members to open their libraries to select media.Vatican Library - Miguel Hermoso Cuesta / Flickr.com
After entering the wing where more than 1300 inventories accumulate letters were found between the Vatican and personalities such as Mozart or Queen Elizabeth I, documents related to the Swiss Guard dating from the sixteenth century or even the trial of the Knights Templar sealed in the fourteenth century, certainly exciting subjects.
The truth about San Pedro
St. Peter was the founder of the Catholic Church, one of the closest disciples of Jesus Christ and main ambassador of the Christian religion throughout the first century A.D. Fisherman and without studies, he managed to preach the word of God until he reached Rome, where he was crucified and turned into a martyr.
In the Vatican you can visit the tomb of St. Peter, however, after following up on the historical facts, there are historians who argue that St. Peter never came to visit Rome and that his grave is really in Israel. Your presence in Rome would have been an excuse to establish the pillars of the new religious system.Statue of St. Peter, Vatican City - ilozavr
As heads of the Church, the popes have had throughout history a great power and many interests, not always related, around them. But not all pontiffs have been manipulated and the consequence is that some ended up in jail or exile. The less fortunate were even cruelly murdered.
Let's look at some very illustrative examples. In the first century, Clement I was thrown into the sea with a neck anchor. A few centuries later Stephen VI and Benedict VI died strangled. And Clement II also had a death caused, in his case by poison. And they are not the only potatoes that died early, there are at least 15 deaths that could not be clarified.
Instead of killing, on other occasions the enemies of the papacy what they got was to banish the head of the Church. Martin I was arrested, tortured and tried in Constantinople for alleged heresy. He died far from Rome, in Crimea, alone and sick in the 655 years.
"Death is a punishment for some, for others a gift, and for many a favor."
The pontiffs have also had lovers throughout history and their influence has not been precisely positive. There is even a period called the 'dark century' of the papacy.
One of the protagonists of this period was Sergio III. He arrived at the papacy in 904 with the help of his soldiers, killing his predecessor. This pontiff maintained for 15 years a lover named Marozia whose power went far beyond the affairs of bedroom.
The influence of the concubines was very powerful at some times.Women who managed to manage the potatoes at will and subject them to the interests of aristocrats and kings of the time.
The Swiss Guard is the military body that protects the Vatican since the 16th century. If there is something that attracts attention is its particular and colorful uniform.Swiss Guard, Vatican City - Roberto Ferrari / Flickr.com
Researchers concluded that it was Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino who designed the uniform of the Swiss Guard of the Vatican, and not Michelangelo, as has been believed.
As for the colors, (blue, yellow and red) it seems that they are inspired by the tastes of the Medici family, the most powerful in northern Italy during the Renaissance.
Legends, stories and mysteries surround the Vatican. Not all are true, but they are very curious.