The Arabs and their footprint in Spain

The cultural heritage product of the Arab domain that exists in Spain is impressive. They left as a legacy monuments with an architecture rich in artistic refinement which represents all the splendor of a civilization.

We can find palacios, mosques and fortresses as a sign of a fundamental era in Spain, which are still some of the most visited monuments in the country. Here we have 8 great Arab monuments in Spain.

Arab monuments in Spain

1. Mosque of Cordoba

Mosque of Cordoba - Ivan Bastien

The Mosque of Cordoba, originally Visigothic Basilica, and built between 786 and 988,It is one of the Arab monuments where its religious architecture. Its most prominent feature is its number of columns in its space of worship.

ANDIt's a temple with amazing beauty, currently houses the Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady. Overflowing beauty also in its doors and especially in its delicious mihrab that indicates the direction of Mecca.

2. The Alhambra in Granada

Alhambra of Granada - S. Borisov

If you want to feel the legacy of the Arabs, a reference of Muslim architecture and art is el complex of the Alhambra in Granada. It is the best Arab palace in the world and one of the most spectacular monuments on the planet.

The residence of the court of the Nasrid Kingdom cIt has a rich interior decoration and spectacular gardens and fountains, which serve for the enjoyment of the senses.

The Alhambra it was the last territory that the Arabs kept on the peninsula, having to leave it in 1492.

3. The Generalife

The Generalife of Granada - Martchan

The Generalife is located next to the Alhambra, is the village that the Muslim kings used as a place of recreation and rest, where the water channeling systems used stand out.

The Generalife has a beauty that resides in the harmony and delicacy of the distribution of space and the care of gardens, patios and pools.

«Granada, last asylum of the tired life. Eternal garden, shows traces, which we still have, of paradise in very few privileged places on earth.

-Chateaubriand-

4. Gormaz Castle

Gormaz Castle, Soria - LianeM

Gormaz Castle, located in Soria,it is an impressive muslim fortress of the ninth century. It was built on another previous fortress, presumably Christian. The first thing you see is a double horseshoe arch at the entrance that shows its Arab origins.

It was one of the main strengths used in the Muslim defenseagainst the Christian kingdoms of the north and the largest European fortress of its time.

5. The Royal Alcazars of Seville

Royal Alcazars of Seville - Francesco R. Iacomino

Los Reales Alcázares de Sevilla is a walled palace of medieval origin declared a World Heritage Site in 1987. Here We can find different architectural styles: Islamic, Mudejar and Gothic. In later modifications Baroque and Renaissance elements were added.

This place It is one of the most impressive Arab monuments in Spain, It is decorated in wood and plaster with beautiful mosaics, which make it a site of exquisite beauty.

6. The Aljafería of Zaragoza

La Aljafería, Zaragoza - Francisco Javier Gil

The Aljafería de Zaragoza, another of the best preserved monuments in Spain, It is one of the most complex palaces that exist. The Kings of Aragon made it their palace after the reconquest.

This Arab fortress has had several reforms since its construction. From outside it can be seen as a Christian castle, but by dentRo has all the ornaments of a Muslim fortress: lobed arches and a courtyard whose origin is clearly Moorish.

7. The Alcazaba of Malaga

Alcazaba, Málaga - Philip Lange

The Alcazaba of Malaga, which in Arabic means citadel, is designed as like a concentric wall enclosure, with defensive towers that make it one of the military works of the Islamic culture that has best endured over time.

From the elements visible today the importance of the square can be argued and still can be appreciated the spaces of his Urban design, with doors, arches and the old residential neighborhood.

But the most Highlights is the perfect union between a building that served to defend the place and the beauty of its rooms and gardens.

8. Giralda of Seville

Cathedral and Giralda, Seville - Artur Bogacki

La Giralda, also known as the bell tower of the Cathedral of Santa Maria de la Sede, is a symbol of the city of Seville, In the beginning it was the minaret of the mosque.

It was for many centuries the tallest tower in Spain and one of the tallest and most famous buildings in all of Europe.

In the current tower, Muslim construction can be evidenced in thethe lower two thirds, easily recognizable by its characteristic Arab ornaments, while the upper third is from the 16th century and rose to house the bells of the current cathedral, so that its architecture is Renaissance.

As we can observe, the Arab legacy is evident in the most impressive monuments of Spain, do not forget to visit them and marvel at their culture and architecture representative of an entire civilization.

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