Pompeii, an essential place to visit in Italy

For lovers of history and everything concerning antiquity, visiting Pompeii is a real pleasure. The current Pompeii is a historic and charming city, but the old one is simply fascinating.

If you want to travel through time, we recommend you visit the remains of this lavish city which was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 after Christ. Can you come with us?

Pompeii: a devastated city

Pompeii was a city of ancient Rome that was buried after the eruption of the Vesuvius volcano. Unfortunately, all its inhabitants died as a result of lava and hot volcanic gases.

The current Pompeii was built in an Italian municipality in the province of Naples, quite close to the ancient city that was razed by the eruption of the volcano. Much of the economic activity of present-day Pompeii is based on the ancient Roman city, since many of the locals live from the tourism and hospitality business that derives from the remains of the old city.

Pompeii Street - Viacheslav Lopatin

Pompeii has become over the years one of the most important tourist destinations in Italy. Especially after 1997, Unesco declared the "archaeological zones of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Annunziata Tower" as a World Heritage Site.

Some curious facts about Pompeii

Although the old city is in very good condition, the roofs of houses and buildings suffered an eruption-like effect with the eruption of the volcano, so they collapsed.

A very interesting fact and that probably will impress many visitors are the human forms filled with plaster. During the excavations, the Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli suggested filling in the gaps found in the middle of the ashes. The result was surprising, since the last moments of life of some of the inhabitants who died as a result of the eruption were perfectly recreated.

Inhabitants of Pompeii - Balounm

The molds reflect the last moments of terror of these citizens. In some cases you can see how they tried to cover their mouths and that of their relatives with handkerchiefs and / or dresses to avoid inhaling the lethal gases. Others appear clinging to their jewels and other riches.

The number of victims that has been counted until today exceeds 2,000. However, many more are expected to appear in parts of the city that have not yet been excavated.

“… It suddenly became dark at night, not like when the sky is cloudy or when there is no moon but like the darkness of a closed room and there are no lights. You could hear the cries of women, the sobs of children and the voices of men; some calling their children, others their parents, trying to recognize themselves by the voices they replicated.

-Pliny the Younger-

What to visit in Pompeii?

In the ancient city of Pompeii there are numerous remains of open buildings for tourists to visit and observe even the smallest details of the daily life of the Romans during the first century.

Popeya - Italianvideophotoagency

Some of the most important archaeological remains that you should know are:

Jupiter's Temple

This temple was built in the second century BC. It was strongly affected by the earthquake of 62 A.D., so it was in full restoration at the time of the eruption of Vesuvius.

Forum

Pompeii Amphitheater - Banauke

Every city in ancient and glorious Rome had a forum. This forum was the heart of the city, consisted of a free area of ​​145 meters long and 38 meters wide. It was common for sellers to offer their products in this place.

Macellum

This was the market in which the citizens of Pompeii bought most of the food They consumed In the center there was a fountain where fresh fish was washed.

Basilica

This building was one of the most important in the city, since it was the seat of the administration of justice. It is believed that it was built in the year 120 BC.

Pompeii - KKulikov

The House of the Faun

It is one of the most luxurious and large private residences of the ancient city. In its atrium has a fountain that is adorned by the bronze statue of a Faun, hence its name.

Brothel

This little building he was one of the most important brothels in Pompeii. On the first floor there are five rooms with a bed and the walls covered with erotic paintings. On the second floor the rooms are larger and better decorated, so it is believed that they were intended for a much more exclusive clientele.

If you are a history lover you should definitely visit Pompeii. It is fascinating to know with such precision and detail what was the life of the citizens of ancient Rome.

Video: Naples and Pompeii (February 2020).

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