History of the Dome of the Rock, a sacred temple on sacred ground

The Dome of the Rock is an Islamic temple found in the city of Jerusalem. It is called that because inside it is a sacred rock. The history of this rock differs in the Muslim and Jewish religions. However, in both it is considered a sacred place.

The history of the sacred rock according to the Muslim and Jewish religions

Dome of the rock - Denis Kabanov

As we said, the dome takes its name from the sacred rock inside. The history of this rock differs according to religions. Next, we will summarize the history they offer in Islam and Judaism.

According to Islamic belief, from the rock Muhammad ascended to the heavens. It is believed that he was accompanied by the archangel Gabriel. This ascent is known as the "night journey" and is reported in the Quran. Thus, Muhammad leaves from the rock to the sky, where he meets Allah. Muslims, at first, revered this rock more than that of Mecca.

On the other hand, according to Jewish tradition, this ancient rock is the surface on which Abraham was going to sacrifice his son Isaac. Technically, the Dome of the Rock It is not considered a mosque, but it is a place of worship for Islam. Even so, the infidels are not prohibited from entering.

"Don't tell me how old you are, or how well educated you are, tell me how much you have traveled and I will tell you how much you know."

-Muhammad-

Why was the Dome of the Rock built? The reasons for Caliph Abd al-Malik

Dome of the Rock - Milly Kay

Today, there are two versions about the reason for its construction, although they are similar. Both argue that the person responsible for the construction of the Dome of the Rock was Caliph Abd al-Malik. It was carried out between 687 and 691. However, the reasons that led the caliph to carry out this impressive project differ the two versions.

The first version speaks of the caliph's need to have a place for muslims to gather to meditate and not go to Mecca. At that time, Mecca was under the command of one of al-Malik's adversaries, Ibn al-Zubair. Although the monument was the result of a power struggle, the selfish motives of al-Malik failed to tarnish the spirituality of the temple.

The second version is based on the desire of Caliph Abd al-Malik to reinforce and confirm the superiority of Islam regarding the other religions. Al-Malik concluded that, to achieve his goal, he should build a sacred monument that was both a jewel of architecture and a symbol of spirituality.

Y, With that in mind, he commanded to build the Dome of the Rock, which became one of the fundamental pillars of the Islamic faith.

It has been crowned as a jewel of architecture

Al-Malik commissioned a group of Syrian masters to decorate the place. These teachers were the best of the time and tried to satisfy the caliph's desire that the temple be perfect. This Syrian influence can be seen in internal decorations and sumptuous ornaments.

Dome of the Rock - Chr. Offenberg

The Dome of the Rock marked to a great extent the architecture of the time. It gave way to a new era in the field. From its construction, other monuments began to show similarities. That is, it began to imitate the style of said dome.

Everything in the construction of this sacred temple was carefully planned. The octagonal shapes of the design symbolize the union of heaven and earth. The arches, columns and pillars give off peace and order. The dome stands 30 meters above the sacred stone. It conveys overwhelming immensity and power.

Today, the monument is gold-plated aluminum. In addition, it is decorated with the verses of the Quran.It has not undergone changes for more than thirteen centuries. For this and other reasons, it remains one of the most valuable architectural treasures in the world.

Whether you share the faith of any of these religions or not, lA Dome of the Rock is an architectural jewel that is worth visiting if you are in Jerusalem.

Video: What is the Dome of the Rock? (December 2019).

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