We enter the nineteenth-century Parisian nightlife to discover one of its greatest exponents: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. This is a painter and poster artist who stood out for his post-impressionist style, but at the same time his own and unique in France. Do you want to know more about him? Let's investigate it!
Biography of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Henri Marie Raymond of Toulouse-Lautrec is the full name of this artist who was born in Albi, a small town in southeastern France in 1864. He is one of the most representative artists of the 19th century in France, and especially in Paris.Henry of Toulouse-Lautrec
He was born in a family of good and had a childhood and adolescence dedicated mostly to sports. However, two accidents prevented him from continuing and also prevented him from achieving normal height.
As a result, the artist was barely a meter and a half tall and he had a disproportionate head compared to the body. However, his appearance did not prevent him from having a normal social life.
Since he was a child he drew, and later he began to study in academies such as León Bonnat and Fernand Cormon. There He was able to meet great artists, including Vicent van Gogh.
Behind this, In 1885, the artist dared to open his first workshop in Montmartre, the painters neighborhood of Paris. For a few years, he devoted himself to painting exclusively and was able to soak up the artistic atmosphere of the place, plunged into taking Impressionism a step further.
Toulouse-Lautrec's life was dedicated to the workshop in the morning and to enjoy the bohemian atmosphere at night. A) Yes, the artist frequented cafes, theaters, brothels and dance halls. All these adventures are reflected in his works, where dancers and circus characters appear as protagonists.
Artistic style«Au Moulin de la Galette»
During his time in Montmatre, Toulouse-Lautrec related to artists such as Vicent van Gogh, Pierre Bonnard and Paul Gauguin. All of them greatly influenced his artistic style. Even the Japanese style ended up influencing the work of this author.
His works are characterized by his photographic style. That is, they represent spontaneous and dynamic scenes, taken from really interesting frames. All this due to the photographic memory of the artist and its speed when creating works. Also in his works there are still remnants of impressionist painting and authors such as Degas, Monet or Renoir.
For this reason, the artist's works were paintings, but also illustrations and advertising posters. As a result, he was able to live off the money he earned by selling his works. In total, he created more than a thousand paintings, more than five thousand drawings, 370 lithographs and 33 posters.
Your role in the postersPoster of the Troupe de Mlle. Églantine
Toulouse-Lautrec not only stood out for his knowledge about painting, the result of the influences he surrounded himself. As well He was able to make the poster considered a work of art and laid the foundations of its importance for advertising.
What he did was bring all his knowledge of art to the signage. Thus, the poster became a canvas for innovations of style and technique, that completely revolutionized the way of understanding art.
Like the paintings, the posters were the exit door of the nightlife in Paris. Dancers scenes are also depicted, with warm colors and contrasting blacks.
The Toulouse-Lautrec Museum in Albi«Au salon on rue des Molins»
After the artist died, his mother and his trader opened a museum dedicated to his figure in the Berbie Palace, in Albi. Today, here you can see about a thousand works of Toulouse-Lautrec, between paintings, posters, drawings, etc. You can also see some personal items that belonged to him, such as his cane.
But there are many more works by Toulouse-Lautrec spread throughout the world. They can be seen in the Ixelles Museum, located in Belgium; in the National Library of Paris or in the Musée d'Orsay, also in the French capital. In Madrid you can see some of his works in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum.
«Uglyness, wherever it is, always has a beautiful side; it is fascinating to achieve beauty where no one else can see it. »
-Henry from Toulouse-Lautrec-
So far all the information related to Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, a man who was a posterist, artist and king of Parisian night. Do not miss the opportunity to enjoy a different visit to embark on the art world.