Tarraco, the Roman Tarragona in Catalonia, is a place of cultural and historical interest. In fact, it is a World Heritage Site by Unesco. Therefore, your visit is essential on any trip to the city. Next, we give you all the information you need. Can you come with us?
History of Roman Tarragona in Catalonia
It was the Romans who founded Tarraco in the third century B.C. It soon became one of the most important cities in Hispania, as well as the capital of the Hispania Citerior province, as early as the 1st century B.C. At that time, Emperor Augustus decided to settle there in order to lead the Cantabrian wars.
The decline of Tarraco came after the fall of the Roman Empire in 476. The Visigoths swept the Roman Tarragona in Catalonia. Later the Muslims would conquer it in unclear circumstances, and later the Christians would take control of the square.
What to see in TarracoRoman Forum
The archaeological site of the Roman Tarragona in Catalonia is one of the largest in Roman Hispania that is still preserved in Spain. In it you can see, for example, the Provincial Forum of Tarraco, which consisted of two places: one dedicated to worship and another to representation.
The circus is very close to the Provincial Forum of Tarraco. It was built at the end of the 1st century A.D. under the mandate of Emperor Domitian. With an elongated shape and a circular finish on one of its sides, it hosted chariot races or theatrical games. It had a capacity of 25,000 people.
The circus is connected to the Praetorian Tower. Through it we arrived at the square of representation of the Provincial Forum of Tarraco. It also highlights the tower of the Scipios, a funerary construction located on the outskirts of Tarraco and of which only its base is currently preserved.
From the towers we pass to the Roman amphitheater. There we can step on its sand or walk among the cells in which the animals or Christian prisoners who starred in the struggles were locked. Or we can sit in the stands to move in time.
Inside the amphitheater the medieval church of Santa María del Miracle was built. From it you can still see some remains.
As well you have to keep in mind the Archaeological Walk. It circulates between the Roman wall, which delimited the urban perimeter of Tarraco and from which 1100 meters are preserved; the Colonial Forum, scene of commercial and administrative matters; the Roman theater; the aqueduct of les Ferreres or the arch of Bará.
Archaeological Museum and Paleochristian NecropolisRoman wall
In addition to all the above, you must visit the museum where pieces related to the Roman past of Tarragona are exhibited. It is the Archaeological Museum. Archaeological remains extracted from the excavations carried out in the city, such as sculptures, tapestries or mosaics, are distributed in its rooms.
Next to the Archaeological Museum is the Paleochristian necropolis. It is a Roman and Christian cemetery of the third and fourth centuries with graves of different types. Also, many of the burials are located around and inside a basilica dating from the 5th century.
Practical information to visit TarracoRoman circus
Not to lose detail of the Roman Tarragona in Catalonia You can take a guided tour of two hours. It includes a local guide expert in art and history, the entrance to the Roman circus, parking and something to drink.
The price is these guided tours is 9.5 euros for adults. Over 65 years have a discount, while children between 6 and 12 years pay 4.5 euros. They are held on Saturday mornings.
You have to keep in mind that Visiting some monuments of Tarraco carries a cost: the entrance to the amphitheater, the Forum of the Colony and the Archaeological Walk, where the remains of the old wall are located, is 3.30 euros. Meanwhile, that of the Archaeological Museum and the Paleochristian necropolis is 4.5 euros.