Barcelona expresses its art through the Sagrada Familia and places like Güell Park. The City of Barcelona got its own style from the hand of modernism. Thanks to artists like Antoni Gaudí, Barcelona can boast about having a hundred places of modernist architecture. Why is this style so famous and where to find it? We show it to you!
Modernism, personal stamp of Barcelona
Barcelona is considered the capital of modernism, And no wonder. Between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, it was the cradle of the so-called Catalan modernism, an architectural, plastic, design and decoration style.San Pau modernist enclosure
The first to lay the foundations from the European movement was Antoni Gaudí. He was immediately followed by other architects such as Rogent, Domènech, Puig or Jujol.
Modernist architecture sought to break with the classics and create an urban and bourgeois style. Thus, the basis of the designs went from being only scientific to being also aesthetic.
The source of inspiration was the idea of nature. All the elements that surround us were to be integrated through forms in the architecture of the buildings. And as a result, those famous buildings with birds, flowers, leaves and lots of color.
The key to the success of modernist architecture in Barcelona was the bourgeois class. With the Industrial Revolution this new social class had emerged, which sought to manifest its passion for culture and its power, influence and distinction in the city.
To do this, they commissioned architects of the time projects construction and renovation of buildings to adapt them to this new style. Thus began the expansion of modernist architecture in the city. Today, 116 style buildings are preserved in Barcelona.
The best examples of modernist architecture in Barcelona
Once we have known the origin of the modernist architecture of Barcelona, it's time to know what are the most symbolic buildings in the city. Are you ready? Take note!
1. The Holy FamilyInterior of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona
World famous and incredibly beautiful. This is the main icon of the city and the greatest work of Antoni Gaudí. It is still unfinished and there are still a few years left, it is estimated that until 2030. It will then be when he shows the 18 towers that the Catalan architect designed.
Its peculiar exterior style blends perfectly with the interior, with sculptures and stained glass depicting passages from the Bible. No wonder it is the main monument of modernism, right?
2. Casa MilaMila House
Here begin the examples of modernist architecture that were commissioned by bourgeois families. This house is in the grace walk and it is one of the most famous in Barcelona.
This is one of the ten most visited buildings in Barcelona, which is said soon, but it does not surprise anyone. It is another of Gaudí's works and you can visit it inside. What are you waiting for?
3. Casa BatllóCasa Batlló
Also located on Passeig de Gracia, the Batlló house was commissioned by the Batlló family to Gaudí. In this case, the architect was responsible for remodeling the facade of the building to give him his own personal, modernist and distinguished seal.
If we compare it with the previous one, What stands out about this house is the vivacity of its colors in the mosaics, as well as its famous balconies.
4. Park GüellGuell park
Impossible not to mention it. Initially It was raised as an urbanization, but in the end it became a park. Gaudí's works were surrounded by nature to result in an absolutely fascinating space.
If you approach here, do not miss the salamander you have right at the entrance (with a lot of history, by the way). Of course, you must go up to the viewpoint, where you can see its banks with mosaics, another clear seal of the artist.
5. Palace of MusicPalau de la Música Catalana
We leave Gaudí aside to show you another of the works of modernist architecture. This building is the work of Lluís Domènech. This architect also has other constructions, such as the Modernist Campus of Sant Pau or the Casa Fuster.
What most attracts attention is the level of detail in each corner. From the inner skylight, the vaults of tiles and the stained glass windows. Everything turns this building into a festival of lights and colors that combines perfectly with the function of the building.
6. Comalat HouseComalat House - Europeana EU / Flickr.com
Finally, the Comalat house, a project of Salvador Valeri, an author very influenced by Gaudí, but with a very marked style. The building has two different style facades: one in ceramic with more vivid colors and the other more symmetrical, with ornate shapes.
As well It has decorative mosaics and a hat-shaped tower. The greatest beauty is inside, with decorated and ornate walls and columns. It is located on Diagonal Avenue.
What do you think of this selection of buildings of modernist architecture? It is impossible to mention the hundred examples, but you also have the Amatller house, the Lleó house, the Sayrach house, the Bulk house or the castle of the Three Dragons. What are you waiting for to start your route through Catalan modernism? We hope you enjoy it!