The sand pyramids of Melnik shape one of the most peculiar landscapes of Bulgaria. In fact, they have been declared a natural monument since 1960. Do you need more reasons to encourage yourself to discover them? We give you all the information about this beautiful place, and also of the city where they are located, which will be a discovery for you.
The impressive sand pyramids of Melnik
These are natural sand pyramids that have acquired various forms (of mushrooms, cones, needles ...). But they are constantly transforming. Its external appearance has been changing, and it will continue to do so over time. The reason? The constant erosion of clay soils.Sand Pyramids of Melnik
This unique natural phenomenon It extends over 17 kilometers. The sand pyramids of Melnik cover an area of 50 km², and some of them reach 100 meters high.
In the peaks can grow deciduous trees and grasses. Meanwhile, the sand slopes are, in some cases, completely vertical.
These curious formations can be seen practically from anywhere in Melnik. And this tiny city is in a valley surrounded by these sand pyramids. Another possibility is to ascend any of the nearby roads to observe the landscape from above.
As a curiosity, it's the pyramids that they give name to the city of Melnik. In ancient Slavic "mel" meant "white clay."
What else to see in MelnikMelnik Street - Zlatimir23 / Wikimedia Commons
Although Melnik is the smallest city in Bulgaria, it hides numerous charms. One of them is the Casa de los Boyares. This is one of the oldest houses on the Balkan peninsula, served as a residence for despot Alexii Slav and is declared an architectural monument.
Here you will also see Kordopulov's house. It is the largest Renaissance building in Bulgaria and dates from 1754. Another interesting building is the house of Pashov, built in 1815 and can only be known from the outside. It also belongs to the period of the Bulgarian Renaissance.
Religious buildingsSan Nicola Church - Klearchos Kapoutsis / Wikimedia Commons
The remains of the San Nicola Metropolitan Church stand out, in the central part of the mount of San Nicola. But the number of temples in the city is huge. You can also mention the Basilica of San Anthonii, which is part of the cultural and historical reserve of Melnik.
Another visit is that of the monastery of Santa Virgen Spileotisa, of great cultural and historical value. And besides him, It is worth mentioning the remains of the church of Santa Varvara; the Metropolitan Church of San Nicolay Chudotvorets, from the 13th century; the church of San Pedro and San Pablo, architectural and artistic monument; and the church of San Juan.
What else can be done in MelnikWinery in Melnik - Antonella Sinopoli / Flickr.com
In addition to tourism, in Melnik you can't stop trying their wine, of a magnificent quality. In fact, the region is full of wineries and houses that offer tastings or where to buy a bottle.
If you want to know more about your production process, you can visit the Wine Museum. It is in the center of Melnik, and the visit is most interesting.
The wine is perfect to accompany the delicious Bulgarian cuisine. It includes dishes as varied as kebapche, an elongated piece of grilled minced meat; the shopska, a salad with tomato, cucumber, onion, pepper, grated cheese and parsley; or the famous musaka, present in other places in the Balkans.
You can also take advantage of the magnificent surroundings of the city. Include in your itinerary the Pirin National Park, declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. It has an extension of no less than 275 km² and will allow you to have a great day of nature.
As you could see, Melnik offers endless tourist possibilities and attractions, starting with the natural pyramids, a real wonder that attracts hundreds of tourists every year. What are you waiting to check all this first hand? Of course, you will not regret it.